Roberts, Adam. Science Fiction.

London: Routledge, 2000.

Book features a chapter entitled “Technology and Metaphor,” and including a chapter section about Gibson: “Case study: William Gibson, Neuromancer.”

“…there is an almost small-minded literalism about Gibson’s cyberspace: a programme designed to protect information appears as a shark, scattering signs of ill omen around it. But what this space does is to articulate the action of metaphor: this defensive programme will not only ‘bite’ you like an angry shark, it actually is an angry shark, at least in the world it inhabits.”